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African Indigenous Churches

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African Indigenous Churches

Selected Bibliography

Abogunrin, S. O. et al. (eds.), Christian Presence and West African Response through the Years. Ibadan: WAATI Publications, 1984.

Adegboyega, S. G., Short History of the Apostolic Church in Nigeria. Ibadan: n.p., 1978.

Adewale, S. A., The African Church (Inc.) 1901-1986. Ibadan: n.p., 1988.

Ajayi, J. F. A., Christian Missions in Nigeria 1841-1891. The Making of a New Elite. London: Longman, 1965.

Anderson, E., Messianic Popular Movements in the Lower Congo. Studia Ethnographica Upsaliensa XIV. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wilsels Boktryckeri, 1958.

________. Churches at the Grass Roots. London: Lutherworth Press, 1968.

Anderson, Allan, “Pentecostal Pneumatology and African Power Concepts: Continuity or Change?” Missionalia Vol. 19, 1 (April 1990): pp. 65-74.

Asch, Susan, L 'Eglise du Prophéte Kimbangu. De ses origines à son rô1e actuel au Zaïre. Paris: Karthala, 1983.

Ayandele, E. A., The Missionary Impact on Modern Nigeria 1842-1914. A Political and Social Analysis. London: Longman, 1966.

________. Holy Johnson: Pioneer of African Nationalism 1836-1917. London: Frank Cass, 1970.

Baëta, C. G., Prophetism in Ghana: A Study of Some 'Spiritual' Churches. London: SCM Press, 1962.

________. (ed.), Christianity in Tropical Africa. London: OUP, 1968.

Barrett, David, (ed.) African Initiatives in Religion. Nairobi: East African Publishers, 1971.

________. (ed.) World Christian Encyclopedia. A Comparative Survey of Church and Religions in the Modern World, AD. 1900-2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

________. Schism and Renewal in Africa. London: OUP, 1968.

Becken, H. J., “Give Me Water, Woman of Samaria, The Pilgrimage of Southern African Blacks in the 1980s,” JRA Vol. XIV, 2 (1983): pp. 115-129.

________. “Ekuphakameni Revisited: Recent Developments within the Nazaretha Church in South Africa,” JRA Vol. IX, 3 (1978): pp.161-172.

________. “'The Nazareth Baptist Church of Shembe,” in Our Approach to the Independent Church Movement in South Africa. Mapumulo, Natal: Missiological Institute, (1976): pp. 101-114.

Berglund A. I., Zulu Thought-Patterns and Symbolism. Cape Town: David Philip, 1976.

Bertsche, James E., “Kimbanguism: A Challenge to Missionary Statesmanship,” in William A. Smalley, (ed.) Readings in Missionary Anthropology II (enlarged 1978 ed.), Pasadena, CA: Wm. Carey Library, 1978.

Beyerhaus, P., “An Approach to the African Independent Church Movement,” Ministry Vol. 9 (1969): pp. 73-77.

Bond, G., Johnson, W., Walker, S. (eds.), African Christianity, Patterns of Religious Continuity. London/New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Callaway, H., “Women in Yoruba Tradition and in the Cherubim and Seraphim Society,” in Ogbu Kalu, (ed.) The History of Christianity in West Africa. London/New York: Longman, 1980.

Chome, J., La passion de Simon Kimbangu. Bruxelles: Presence Africaine, 1959.

Clarke, Peter B., West Africa and Christianity. London: Edward Arnold, 1986.

Collins, T. M., S. A. Ishola, Baptists and the Charismatic Movement. Ibadan: Publ. Board, NBC., 1995.

Crowther, M., West Africa under Colonial Rule. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1968.

Curley, R. T., “Dreams of Power: Social Process in a West Africa Religious Movement,” Africa 53 (3), 1983.

Daneel, M.L., The God of the Matopo Hills. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1970.

________. Old and new in Southern Shona Independent Churches. (2 vols.) The Hague: Mouton, 1971.

________. “Towards a Sacramental Theology of the Environment in African Independent Churches,” Zeitschrift-fr Missionswissenschaft und . Religionswissenschaft 75 (1991): pp. 37-65. 

Debrunner, H. W., A History of Christianity in Ghana. Accra: Waterville, 1967.

________. A Church Between Colonial Powers. London: Lutherworth, 1965.

Droogers, André, “Kirnbanguism at the Grass Roots,” JRA Vol. XI, 3 (1980): pp. 188-211.

Erivwo, S., A History of Christianity in Nigeria. The Urhobo, The Isoko, and The Itsekir. lbadan: University Press, 1979.

Erlmann, Veit, African Stars: Studies in Black South African Performance. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Fasholé-Luke, E. et al. (eds.), Christianity in Independent Africa. London: Rex Collings, 1978.

Ferguson, J., Some Nigerian Church Founders. Ibadan: Daystar Press, 1971.

Fernandez, James W., “The Precincts of the Prophet: A Day with Johannes Galilee Shembe,” JRA Vol. V, 1 (1973): pp. 32-53.

________. African religious movements,” Annual Review of Anthropology Vol. 7 (1978): pp. 195-234.

________. “On the notion of Religious Movement,” Social Research Vol. 46, 1 (Spring 1979).

Ferre, F. and R. H. Mataragnon (eds.), God and Global Justice: Religion and Poverty in an Unequal World. New York: Paragon House, 1985.

Fisher, H. J., “Independency and Islam: The Nigerian Aladuras and some Muslim Comparisons,” Journal of African History XI, 2 (1970).

Gates, B. E. (ed.), Afro-Caribbean Religions. London: Ward Lock Educational, 1980.

Gifford, Paul, “Some Recent Developments in African Christianity,” African Affairs Vol. 93, 373 (Oct. 1994): pp. 513-34.

________. (ed.), New Dimensions in African Christianity. Ibadan: Sefer, 1993.

Gilliland, Dean S., “How 'Christian' Are the African Independent Churches?” Missiology Vol. XIV, 3 (July 1986): 259-272.

Glasswell, M. E. and E. W. Fasholé-Luke (eds.), New Testament Christianity for Africa and the World: Essays in Honour of Harry Sawyer. London: S.P.C.K., 1974.

Gray, Richard, “Popular Theologies in Africa: A report on a Workshop on Small Christian Communities in Southern Africa,” African Affairs, Journal of the Royal African Society Vol. 85, 338 (Jan 1986): 49-54.

Groves, C. P., The Planting of Christianity in Africa (4 vols.), London: Lutherworth, 1948-58.

Hackett, R. J., Nigeria's Aladura Churches — Gateways or Barriers to Social Development,” Africana Marburgensia Vol. XIV, 1 (1981).

________. “Thirty Years of Growth and Change in a West African Independent Church: A Sociological Perspective,” JRA Vol. XI, 3 (1980): pp. 212-224.

Haliburton, G. M. The Prophet Harris. A Study of an African Prophet and his Mass-Movement in the Ivory Coast and the Gold Coast1913-1915. London: Longman, 1971.

Hastings, A, A History of African Christianity 1950-1975. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Hayward, Victor E. W., (ed.) African Independent Church Movement. London: WCC, 1963.

Heintze-Flad, W., L'Eglise Kimbanguiste, une église qui chante et qui prie. Leiden: I.I.M.O., 1978.

Hinnells, J. R. (ed.), A Handbook of Living Religions. New York/Harmondsworth: Viking/Penguin Books, 1984.

Holas, B., Le Séparatisme Religieux en Afrique Noire. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1965.

Hollenwegger, W. J.; The Pentecostals. London: SCM Press, 1972. 

________. “The Theological Challenge of Indigenous Churches,” in A. F. Walls and W. R. Shenk, (eds.), Exploring New Religious Movements. Essays in Honour of Harold W. Turner. Elkhart: Mission Focus Publications, 1990, pp. 163-68.

Irvine, Cecilia, “The Birth of the Kimbanguist Movement in the Bas-Zaire, 1921,” JRA Vol. VI, 1 (1974): pp. 23-76. 

Isichei, E. (ed.), Varieties of Christian Experience in Nigeria. London & Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1982.

________ (ed.), A History of Nigeria, London: Longman, 1983.

Jules-Rosette, B., ed., The New Religions of Africa. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1979.

________. African Apostles: Rituals and Convertsion in the Church of John Maranke. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1975.

Kalu, O. U., (ed.), The History of Christianity in West Africa. London & New York: Longman, 1980.

________., (ed.), African Church Historiography: An Ecumenical Perspective. Leiter: Lukas Vischer, 1988.

________., (ed.), Christianity in West Africa: The Nigerian Story. Ibadan: Daystar Press, 1978.

Kaplan, Steven, “The Africanization of Missionary Christianity: History and Typology,” JRA Vol. XVI, 3 (1986): pp.l66-186.

Kiernan, J. P., “Wear 'N' Tear and Repair: The Colour Coding of Mystical Mending in Zulu Zionist Churches,” Africa Vol 61, 1 (1991): pp. 26-39.

Makamba, Peter M., “African Independent Churches and TEE.” International Review of Mission Vol. LXXI, 282 (April 1982): pp. 204-212.

Mala, Sams Bab, (ed.), African Independent Churches in the 80's. Lagos: Organization of African Instituted Churches, 1983.

Martin, M. L., “The Mai Chaza Church in Rhodesia,” in Barrett, ed. African Initiatives in Religion.

________. Kimbangu: An African Prophet and his Church. Oxford: B. Blackwell, 1975; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976.

McGaffey, W. Modem Kongo Prophets: Religion in Plural Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983.

Mitchell, R. C. and H. W. Turner, A Bibliography of Modern African Religious Movements. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1966.

Mojola, A. Osotsi, “Vernacularization and the African Independent Churches,” Africa Theological Journal Vol. 22:2 (1993): pp. 130-146. 

Moplyneux, Gordon. “The Place and Function of Hymns in the EJSCK,” JRA Vol. XX, 2 (June 1990): pp. 153-187.

Murray, Jocelyn. “Bibliography for Dr. Harold W. Turner,” in A. F. Walls and Wilbert R. Shenk, (eds.), Exploring New Religious Movements. Essays in Honour of Harold W. Turner. Elkhart Mission Focus, 1990, pp. 207-215.

Ndiokwere, N. I., Prophecy and Revolution, The Role of Prophets in the Indigenous African Churches and in Biblical Tradition. London: SPCK, 1981.

Obafemi, Olu, Pastor S.B.J. Oshoffa, God's 20th Century Gift to Africa. Ikeja-Lagos: Pathway Publications, 1986.

Omoyajowo, J. A., Cherubim and Seraphim. The History of an African Independent Church, New York and Lagos: NOK Publishers, 1982.

Onovughakpo, S. M., History and Doctrine of the Cherubim and Seraphim Church. Warri: Midland Press, 1971.

Oosthuizen, G.C., The Healer-Prophet in Afro-Christian Churches. Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, 1992.

________. Post-Christianity in Africa. London: C. Hurst, 1968.

________. The Theology of a Bantu Messiah: An Analysis of the Hymnal of the “The Church of the Nazarites. Leiden: E.J. Brill, l967.

Oshun, C. O., “Aladura Presence and Revivals in a Colonial Situation: A conflict Model in Mission,” in O. Kalu, (ed.), African Church Historiography: An Ecumenical Perspective. Leiter: Lukas Vischer, 1988: pp. 197-219.

________. “The Pentecostal Perspective of the Christ Apostolic Church,” ORITA Vol. 15, 2 (Dec. 1983): pp. 105-114.

________. “Aladura Presence in Nigeria: A Pentecostal ReAwakening,” in S. O. Abogunrin, et al. (eds.), Christian Presence and West African Response Through the Years. Ibadan: WAATI Publications, 1984, pp. 217-226.

________. “ Aladura Spirituality: A New Understanding of God,” in Antonio de Nicolas et al. (eds.), God: Experience or Origin? New York: Paragon House, 1985, pp. 48-62.

________. “The Aladura Movement and Its Impact on the Nigerian Society,” in Ikenga-Metuh,E. (ed.), The Gods in Retreat: Continuity and Change in African Religion. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers, 1986, pp. 195-218.

Owango-Welo, “The Impact of the Kimbanguist Church in Central Africa,” The Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Center Vol. XVI, 1 & 2 (Fall 1988 / Spring 1989): pp. 115-136.

Parrinder, G, Religion in an African City. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Peel, J. D. Y., Aladura: a Religious Movement among the Yoruba. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Sanneh, Lamin, West African Christianity. The Religious Impact. London: C. Hurst, 1983.

________. Translating the Message. The Missionary Impact on Culture. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1991.

Sawyer; H. (ed.), Theology in Independent Africa. Freetown: University College of Freetown, 1961.

Shank, David A. ed. Ministry of Missions to African Independent Churches. Elkhart: Mennonite Board of Missions, 1987.

Sundkler, B.G.M., Bantu Prophets in South Africa, 2nd ed. London: International African Institute / OUP., 1961.

________. Zulu Zion and Some Swazi Zionists. London: OUP, 1976.

Tasie, G. O. M. “The prophetic Calling: Garrick Sokari Braide of Bakana (d. 1918),” in Isichei, Varieties of Christian Experience in Nigeria, op. cit.

________. Christian Missionary Enterprise in the Niger Delta. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978.

Tempels, P. Bantu Philosophy. Pans: Présence Africaine, 1945.

Thompson, H. O. (ed.), Global Outreach: Global Congress of the World's Religions. Barrytown: Unification Theological Church Seminary, 1987.

Turner, H. W., Profile Through Preaching: A Study of the Sermon Texts Used in a West African Independent Church (C.W.M.E. Research Pamphlets 13). London: Edinburgh House, 1965.

________. History of an Independent Church: The Church of the Lord Aladura. 2 vols., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.

________. “The Place of Independent Religious Movements in the Modernization of Africa,” JRA, Vol II (1969).

________. “A Typology for African Religious Movements,” JRA, Vol I (1967).

________. From Temple to Meeting House: The Phenomenology and Theology of Places of Worship. The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1979.

________. Religious Innovation in Africa: Collected Essays on New Religious Movements. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1979.

Turner, H. W. & Robert C. Mitchell, A Comprehensive Bibliography of Modem African Religious Movements. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1967.

Walker, S. S., The Religious Revolution in the Ivory Coast. The Prophet Harris and the Harrist Church. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

Walls, A. F. and Wilbert R. Shenk, (eds.), Exploring New Religious Movements. Essays in Honour of Harold W Turner. Elkhart: Mission Focus, 1990.

WCC, New Religious Movements and the Churches. Geneva: World Council of Churches Publications, 1987.

Webster, J.B. “Independent Christians in Africa” in Tarikh 9 Christianity in Modem Africa. London: Longman/Historical Society of Nigeria, 1969.

________. The African Churches among the Yoruba 1888-1922. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964.

Welbourn, F. B., East African Rebels: A Study of Some Independent Churches. London: OUP, 1961.


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